Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Sanitation in the News - Week of April 10-17.

Here are some relevant popular press articles on sanitation from the past seven days, give or take.  Presented without comment, so please feel free to comment yourselves below.

"Zoom Alliance, a subsidiary of Zoomlion Ghana Limited in partnership with the Ministry for Local Government and Rural Development and the Accra Metropolitan Assembly will soon introduce a Community Sanitation Police and Monitoring Taskforce to help curb poor sanitation in the country...The move according to Kenneth Asare is aimed at ensuring that flooding and issues of malaria and cholera outbreaks during rainy seasons are eliminated"

Investing in Latin America's Water and Sanitation Solutions
"we’re left with a lot of work to do to reach the ultimate goal of universal access to clean water and improved sanitation. For the past three years, two early-stage social enterprises in South America—TOHL in Chile andX-Runner in Peru—have been hard at work creating the means to get us there."

Switzerland Gives $6 Million for Water, Sanitation in Zimbabwe
 "...Nkomo spoke after Switzerland gave $6 million to UNICEF to improve Zimbabwe's rural water supply and sanitation.  But given that 75 percent of Zimbabwe’s rural population does not have access to clean water, that money may just be a figurative drop in the ocean. ..."

Nottingham researcher hopes sanitation app will help cut diseases in poor areas
"Mr Iliffe, a doctoral researcher at the university’s Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute, has created a new web and mobile app, called Taarifa....It allows people to input and share their own sanitation problems using text messaging, e-mail or social media. The reports can be monitored by local authorities and acted upon to carry out repairs, improvements or new infrastructure, giving citizens the power to affect changes in their own communities..."

Gov’ts Can Make Water and Sanitation for All Africans a Reality by 2030; Says WaterAid

WaterAid’s report ‘Everyone Everywhere’ launched today(1) by President Johnson Sirleaf at a UN event on water in the Hague, in the Netherlands, sets out a vision for making safe water and sanitation available to all and reviews the progress that has been made to date in tackling water and sanitation poverty.

Sanitation: FCT residents applaud role of waste collectors

The residents told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja that water  vendors, known as Mairuwa, and waste collectors, called Maishara, provided essential services, such as water supply and waste collection.

African Water Facility Launches the Fostering Innovative Sanitation and Hygiene in Monrovia Project

"The Facility offers a €1.2-million grant to the Monrovia City Corporation (MCC) to support a project aimed at increasing access to sustainable and affordable sanitation and hygiene services to over 800,000 urban slum-dwellers in Monrovia, Liberia.  This will be the first initiative by the Government to provide fecal sludge management services to unsewered poor areas of Liberia since the end of the civil war in 2003....The AWF grant will cover 86 per cent of the cost involved in the implementation of an effective, efficient and sustainable fecal sludge management system, which will include the construction and rehabilitation of sanitation infrastructure, as well as the production of affordable crop fertilizer from the fecal sludge collected."

"Sesame Workshop, the non-profit educational organization behind Sesame Street, announced today that it is receiving funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to promote hygiene and sanitation among children and families in high-needs areas in Bangladesh, India and Nigeria."

Saudis Approve More Water, Sewage Projects Across Kingdom

"Saudi Arabia approved $96 million of water and sanitation projects including reservoirs across the kingdom, state-owned Saudi Press Agency reported, citing Minister of Water and Electricity Abdullah Al-Hussayen."

"Thames Water’s Clive Dickens is overseeing the WaterAid charity’s four-year project now half-way through which has so far fitted clean supplies and sanitation in four villages that the company has ‘adopted’.  Around 13,000 villagers are now getting safe water to drink and hygienic sanitation."

Monday, April 15, 2013

Sanitation Articles Published 7-15 April 2013

There's been a few new articles on sanitation published in the past week or so.  Titles and excerpts from abstracts to a handful of them:

Knowledge, awareness and practice of the importance of hand-washing amongst children attending state run primary schools in rural Malawi.
"The study determined: (1) presence of Escherichia coli on the hands of 126 primary school pupils, (2) knowledge, awareness and hygiene practices amongst pupils and teachers and (3) the school environment through observation. Pupil appreciation of hygiene issues was reasonable; however, the high percentage presence of E. coli on hands (71%) and the evidence of large-scale open defaecation in school grounds revealed that apparent knowledge was not put into practice. The standard of facilities for sanitation and hygiene did not significantly impact on the level of knowledge or percentage of school children's hands harbouring faecal bacteria. Evidence from pupils and teachers indicated a poor understanding of principles of disease transmission. Latrines and hand-washing facilities constructed were not child friendly."

Outbreak of Cholera in Tilathi VDC Saptari Nepal.
"Descriptive epidemiology suggested the clustering of cases were around the pond where they clean utensils, take bath and wash clothes. The Vibrio cholerae 01 El Tor, Ogawa serotype was isolated in 03 out of 05 suspected stool samples and in all three of the pond water samples. They reported that most of the houses do not have the toilet and people do not wash their hands regularly with soap and water after defecation. "

Prevalence and Determinants of Micronutrient Deficiencies among Rural Children of Eight States in India.
" A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out by adopting a multistage stratified random sampling procedure...  preschool children were included for ocular signs...hemoglobin, and ..iodine deficiency disorders.... Micronutrient malnutrition is a public health problem among rural children, and it was higher among children of SC/ST, illiterate parents and those not possessing a sanitary latrine. Thus, there is a need to improve environmental sanitation; fortification of foods could also help in mitigating the problem."

Pilot project of the Nutrition-Friendly School Initiative (NFSI) in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Cotonou, Benin, in West Africa.
"This paper describes the first African experience with the Nutrition-Friendly School Initiative (NFSI) in two large West African cities: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Cotonou, Benin. NFSI was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners in 2006, as a means of preventing the double burden of malnutrition: the coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition among school-children... The Project... fostered the installation of health and nutrition committees in selected schools, and helped with the initial school self-assessments... technical assistance and seminal funds were provided... [In addition,] training was given to street vendors in order to improve the hygiene and nutritional value of food sold to schoolchildren. Other activities included special nutrition events and sanitation measures. In both cities, NFSI showed promising results in terms of school and community mobilization towards improved nutrition and health; however ... household poverty and scarce school resources appear as major barriers to gaining full impact of NFSI in low-income populations."

Progress towards Millennium Development Goal 1 in northern rural Nicaragua: findings from a health and demographic surveillance site.
"Between 2004 and 2009, poverty was reduced as a number of interventions increased. Although microcredit was inequitably distributed across the population, combined with home gardening and technical training, it resulted in significant poverty reduction in this rural area."