Wednesday, September 28, 2011

Monitoring health behavior using a real-time location system (RTLS)

The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine will use technology to monitor volunteers' hand-washing and other health-related behaviors.

Water infrastructure and school attendance in Ghana

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A new World Bank study on gender and water access [1], suggests that a 15 minute reduction in water collection time increases the proportion of girls attending school in Ghana by 8-12 percent. The authors (Celine Nauges and Jon Strand) based their analysis on four rounds of the Demographic and Health Surveys from Ghana, in 1993-94, 1998-99, 2003 and 2008. Using GPS coordinates; the authors build an artificial panel of clusters, identifying the closest neighbors within each round. On this basis they estimated the relationship between girls’ school attendance and water hauling activity, correcting for potential endogeneity of communities and household characteristics.

These results serve to document some of the multiple and wide benefits to the population of increased tap water access, in African countries and beyond.

[1] Nauges, C. and Strand, J. (2011). Water hauling and girls’ school attendance : some new evidence from Ghana. Download presentation.